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A Biodiesel Handbook
by Orion Polinksy

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Author's note

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Authors Note
Chapter 1: Biodiesel Overview 1

Biodiesel Introduction 2
The Man Who Started it All 3
Effects on the Environment 3

  • Biodegradability and Toxicity 3-4
  • Biodiesel Emissions 4-5
  • Helps Decrease CO2 Levels 6

Biodiesel and Your Engine 6

  • Conversions 6-8
  • Biodiesel Cleans Out Your Fuel Lines and Engine 7
  • Fuel Lubrication: Lube it up Baby 8
  • Cold Flow Impacts 9

Legislation 9

Chapter 2: Home Grown Oil 10

Grow Your Own Oil 11
Oil and Ethanol Crops 11-13
Oil Crops 13-15
Pressing the Oil 15-16

Chapter 3: Ethanol 17

Ethanol 18
Making Anhydrous Ethanol 18-19
Mixing Ethanol With Petroleum Diesel 19
Using Ethanol instead of Methanol 19-20
Producing Ethanol from raw materials 20
Types of Feedstock for Ethanol Production 20-22

  • Sugar Crops 21
  • Starch Crops 21-22
  • Cellulosic 22

Basic Equipment Needed for Making Beer 23-24
Mash Making Recipies 24-27

  • Testing Procedures 27

Distilling Your Ethanol 28-31

  • Passive Solar Distiller 28-29
  • Reflux Still 30
  • Heat Sources 31

Distilling Waste Beer 32
Other Uses for Ethanol 32

Chapter 4: Read This Before Chapter 5 33

Health and Safety 34
Ventilation Systems 34-36

  • Hood fan 35
  • Attic Ventilation Fan 35
  • A Squirrel Cage fan 35-36
  • Work outside 36
  • The Smoke Test 36

Material Data Safety Sheets 37

Chapter 5: Making Your Own Biodiesel 38

Making Biodiesel in the Dual Tank Processor 39
Making Biodiesel With One Mixing Tank 39-40
How to Make Biodiesel in a Blender 40
Step 1: Collecting and Filtering Your Used Cooking Oil 41
Step 2: The Titration 41-43
Step 3: Making a Blender Batch of Biodiesel 43-45
Making a mini test batch 45
Step 4: The Water Wash 46-47
Step 5: Make Sure You Have High Quality Fuel 47-48
What Do I Do With The Glycerin? 48
Alternatives 48-49

  • Don't want to do a titration 48
  • Using KOH instead of Lye 49
  • Using Ethanol instead of Methanol 49
Alcohol Recovery 50
Big scale batches 50

Chapter 6: Building a Dual Tank Processor 51

The Basic Needs List 52
A Biodiesel Mixing Tank 52-53

  • Conical Bottom 52
  • Flat Bottom Oil Drum 53

A Chemical Mixing Tank to Mix Alcohol and Catalyst 53-54
A Mixing Device 54-59

  • Electric motor mixer 55
  • Pedal power Mixer 56
  • Portable Pedal Powered Biodiesel Processor 57

With Passive Solar Oil Heater

  • Water pump mixer 58
  • Submersible pump 59
  • Modified electric drill 59

Methods of Heating Oil 60-61
Hot Box Passive Solar Oil Heater 61


Chapter 7: Biodiesel and the Marine Environment 62

The Effect of Unwashed Methanol Biodiesel, 63-67
Versus Petroleum Diesel on the Marine Environment.

Apendix 1: Material Safety Data Sheets 68

Methanol 69-71
Ethanol 72-74
Lye (NaOH) 74-76
Potassium Hydroxide (KOH) 76-78
Biodiesel 78-79
Glycerin 79-80

Apendix 2: Soap Recipes 81

Making Soap From Waste Glycerin 82
Liquid Glycerin Soap 82
Hard Glycerin Soap 83
Make Soap From a 1-liter Test Batch 84

Apendix 3: Biodiesel Contacts List For The USA 85

Alabama thru Wyoming 86-98

Work Cited 99-103